Livestock Segment - India

Livestock segment in India , comprising of Cattle, Buffaloes, Sheep, Goats and Pigs – that’s the way, we look at this segment – is one of the steadily growing segment and at times doesn’t get the due importance that it deserves.

 

One of the key objectives of this portal is to try and bring in the increased focus on Livestock Segment for the benefit of all

 

Livestock farming / rearing has always been an integral part of the Indian Agriculture and now with Growing population and increasingly affluent population means there is increased demand for high quality milk and other animal protein products and hence increased importance of Livestock segment.

 

Livestock contributes around 4.11%* to the national GDP and around 25.6%* to the Agriculture GDP of India and hence its importance can never be overstated. *Source: DADF – 19th Census Report. Basic Animal Husbandry & Fisheries Statistics 2013

 

Livestock Population and Trends

(Credits: All data & details on the following pages are taken from Govt. of India, Department of Animal Husbandry Dairying & Fisheries website: www.dahd.nic.in

 

DADF under Ministry of Agriculture is the nodal agency for carrying out Livestock census in India. Livestock Census started in India in the year 1919 and is generally conducted once in 5 years.

 

So far 18 such censuses have been conducted. The Livestock Census in 2012 is 19th and the most latest one in the series of Livestock censuses. The 19th Livestock Census was carried out with reference date as 15th October 2012 and released in June 2014.

 

Salient Features of 19th Livestock Census – Significant Ones are highlighted and underlined:

 

Cows & Buffaloes

  • The total livestock population consisting of Cattle, Buffalo, Sheep, Goat, Pig, Horses & Ponies, Mules, Donkeys, Camels, Mithun and Yak in the country is 512.05 million numbers in 2012

 

  • The total livestock population has decreased by about 3.33% over the previous census carried out in 2007

 

  • However, Livestock population has increased substantially in Gujarat (15.36%), Uttar Pradesh (14.01%), Assam (10.77%), Punjab (9.57%) Bihar (8.56%); Sikkim (7.96%), Meghalaya (7.41%), and Chhattisgarh (4.34%)

 

  • The number of milch animals (in-milk and dry) in cows and buffaloes has increased from 111.09 million to 118.59 million, an increase of 6.75%

 

  • The Female Buffalo population has increased by 7.99% over the previous census and the total number of female buffalo is 92.5 million numbers in 2012

 

  • The exotic/crossbred milch cattle increased from 14.4 million to 19.42 million, giving rise to an increase of 34.78% whereas the indigenous milch cattle increased marginally from 48.04 million to 48.12 million, an increase of 0.17%

 

  • The numbers of milch buffaloes increased from 48.64 million to 51.05 million with an increase of 4.95% over previous census

 

(Click on the Graphs to Expand)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sheep, Goats, Pigs, Camels & Horses

  • The total sheep in the country at 65.06 million numbers in 2012, declined by about 9.07% over census in 2007

 

  • The Goat population has declined by 3.82% over the previous census and the total Goat in the country is 135.17 million numbers in 2012

 

  • The total pigs in the country have decreased by 7.54% over the previous census and the total pigs in the country are 10.29 million numbers in 2012

 

  • Horses & Ponies population has increased by 2.12% over the previous census and the total Horses & Ponies in the country is 0.62 million numbers in 2012

 

  • The total Mules in the country have increased by 43.34% over the previous census and the total Mules in the country are 0.19 million numbers in 2012

 

  • Camel population has decreased by 22.63% over the previous census and the total Camels in the country is 0.4 million numbers in 2012

 

Livestock Population – Details

 

Cattle & Buffalo Population – Interesting Trends

 

                             All India Livestock Census (in Thousands)

    

                                                    2007                   2012                      % Change

Cattle   

● Exotic / Cross Bred   

       ▪ Male                                 6,844                   5,971                        -12.75

       ▪ Female                           26,216                 33,760                         28.78

 

Total Exotic / Cross Breds    33,060                 39,731                         20.18

    

● Indigenous Cattle   

       ▪ Male                               76,779                  61,949                       -19.32

       ▪ Female                           89,236                  89,224                         -0.01

 

Total Indigenous                 166,015                 151,172                        -8.94

    

Total Cattle                         199,075                190,904                        -4.10

    

Buffalo   

       ▪ Male                                19,597                   16,103                      -17.83

       ▪ Female                            85,745                   92,599                         7.99

Total Buffalo                       105,342                 108,702                         3.19

 

 

Sheep & Goat – Curious Trends

                           

                           All India Livestock Census (in Thousands)

    

                                                   2007                       2012                   % Change

Sheep   

 

● Exotic / Cross Bred   

       ▪ Male                                1,144                      1,207                          5.51

       ▪ Female                            2,586                      2,574                        -0.46

 

Total Exotic / Cross Breds     3,730                      3,781                         1.37

    

● Indigenous Sheep   

       ▪ Male                               16,730                   13,916                      -16.82

       ▪ Female                           51,098                   47,372                        -7.29

 

Total Indigenous                    67,828                  61,288                        -9.64

    

Total Sheep                           71,558                  65,069                        -9.07

    

Goat   

       ▪ Male                              40,793                   37,617                       -7.79

       ▪ Female                          99,744                  97,556                        -2.19

 

Total Goats                        140,537                135,173                        -3.82

 

 

Pigs, Camels, Horses & Dogs - Mixed Trends

 

                                  All India Livestock Census (in Thousands)

 

                                                  2007                     2012                     % Change

Pigs

 

● Exotic / Cross Bred

       ▪ Male                              1,209                      1,283                         6.12

       ▪ Female                          1,180                      1,174                        -0.51

Total Exotic / Cross Breds   2,389                      2,457                         2.80

 

● Indigenous Pigs

       ▪ Male                              4,134                       3,681                     -10.96

       ▪ Female                          4,610                       4,156                       -9.85

 

Total Indigenous                  8,744                       7,837                     -10.37

 

Total Pigs                             11,133                   10,294                       -7.54

 

Camels

 

       ▪ Male                                  243                        191                      -21.40

       ▪ Female                              274                        210                      -23.36

Total Camels                            517                       401                      -22.63

 

Dogs

       ▪ Male                             12,432                     8,444                      -32.08

       ▪ Female                           6,656                     3,228                      -51.50

Total Dogs#                          19,088                 11,672                      -38.85

# - Excluding stray dogs

 

 

Cattle, Buffalo, Sheep, Goat, Poultry, Pigs, Dogs, Cats Population India 2014
Cattle Population, Buffalo Population, Sheep & Goat Population, Companion Animals Population in India, Pig Population in India, Aquaculture in India
Livestock in India, Cattle in India, Buffaloes in India, Sheep in India, Goats in India, Pigs in India
Cattle Population India, Livestock Population India, Cattle, Buffalo, Sheep, Goats, Pigs, Dogs, Cats Population India 2014
Animal Population India, Latest Animal Population India

Click on the Graphs to Expand

Click on the Graphs to Expand

Click on the Graphs to Expand

Click on the Graphs to Expand

  Dr Sandeep Juneja

         AH Industry Professional

 

 

 

 

 

 

AnimalHealthIndia.com is an information portal dedicated to all the professionals working in the increasingly attractive Animal Health Industry in India.

 

With the hope and optimism that the data and inputs available here will only help in unlocking the true potential of this industry for the benefit of all stakeholders.

 

Feedback, comments, queries and suggestions will only further help in serving you, AH Industry Professionals in a better way. 

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